Identity is at the core of how we interact with the world. As people, our subjective identities are ground-breaking indicators of the manner by which we react over an expansive scope of various circumstances.
To put it plainly, identity can be viewed as the hidden example of considerations and sentiments that impact what we are likely to do. For identity to influence our conduct along these lines, it should likewise be predictable and stable, albeit clearly it will be impacted by setting and culture. That is simply the circumstance you find yourself in (at work or home), and what is viewed as suitable and adequate.
At a hypothetical dimension analysts have considered identity for more than 100 years. Relatively as of late, in the course of the most recent 50 years, an accord has developed and there is presently understanding that the Five Factor Model (FFM) speaks to the best structure for human identity. Analysts concur that these five components catch the most imperative and essential identity contrasts between individuals; or as certain specialists depict them, they are the ‘essential shades’ of identity.
Underneath the five measurements are gatherings of characteristics. An individual who scores very high or low on a measurement is bound to score profoundly on the greater part of the qualities in that measurement, however not really every one of them. For instance an individual may score very on Extraversion and on the social qualities (for example intelligent, well disposed) related with it, yet not on the rush looking for characteristics (for example thrill-chasing, high-vitality) which are likewise connected with it, or the other way around.
The accompanying attributes are frequently connected with, and characterize, the five measurements:
Openness: Playful, inquisitive, inventive, innovative, liberal, looks for curiosity, forward looking/visionary.
Conscientiousness: Orderly, dedicated, sure (feeling of authority), accomplishment situated, dependable, self-restrained.
Extraversion: Active, vivacious, thrill-chasing, eager, emphatic, intuitive, well disposed.
Agreeableness: Accommodating, steadfast/trusting, caring, philanthropic, consistent, agreeable, excusing/tolerant.
Neuroticism: Calm, collected, positive, strong/vigorous, purposeful, agreeable, directed.
Being open to experiences is built into the core values of the individual, meaning that this is an internal trait. To be open is to be able to easily understand everyone’s feelings and emotions and be able to act accordingly. This means that you are in tune with others and want to be the person they come to in times of need. A humanitarian trait is present in high levels of openness, as everyone you meet is deemed as equal, worthy and deserving of justice. Openness allows people to try new things, embrace creativity and be unique individuals.
Scoring high means that you love to talk to others, are extremely sociable and thrive in group environments. Extraverts are not afraid to stand out in the crowd, and they seek excitement and happiness. Thriving in life is more important than being like everyone else in society. Strict, regulated rules do not appeal to extraversion, rather making new ones and trend setting is a more valuable trait. If you are extroverted you are genuinely a happy individual, looking at life through a positive lens and have a strong sense of self.
This trait is facilitated by compassion, giving to others, selflessness and empathy. People who are agreeable do not strive to be those who are powerful in society and do not value status, drive and ego driven tasks. They are a more go with the flow type of individual and feel the need to give back to the community. They have a large concern for underrepresented or devalued individuals in society and want to aid in bettering the lives of others. These individuals are more likely to be bubbly, outgoing, and inviting.
These individuals value order, structure, integrity and task-achievement, are extremely disciplined and are always looking to enhance their knowledge. They value stability, tradition and conformity to external factors.They are goal oriented, perform tasks effectively and thrive in a career setting.
Neuroticism is associated with the inability to handle emotions, low self-esteem and lack of self-control in situations. Often neurotic individuals struggle with the ability to remain stable and balanced. Neurotic individuals have difficulty with task completion, motivation and setting goals. These individuals seek spontaneity through pleasurable outcomes and situations.
Other factors that effect these personality traits are:
Identifying with a specific gender is a key factor in your results with The Big Five Personality Traits. Women are more likely to score higher in Neuroticism, and Agreeableness, as they are often in touch with their emotions, open to speaking about internal thoughts and are extremely assertive. The gender differences are more apparent in egalitarian countries that are thriving and have high rates of health. In these cultures women possess an individualistic trait meaning that they obtain diverse gender roles than in collectivist or traditional countries.
The differences in third world and developed countries differ, as the contrast between female and male gender roles are vast and extreme. Poorer countries can disallow such gender differences, in comparison to countries rich with resources. Males in these countries obtain more means to resources that allow them to develop fully into their potential. This means that without the same resources women lack the ability to develop fully, and do not have the ability to exhibit the same traits in society and culture as males do. In traditionalist third world countries, Men engage in more risky, dominant and achievement fulfilling roles in society, while women take on more nurturing cautious roles.
According to psychologists Frank Sulloway, the order in which you are born can have a significant effect on your personality trait due to the roles, behaviours and tendencies that you are accustom to throughout your upbringing. For example, first borns take on more responsibility which makes them more conscientious, more authoritative and less agreeable to others. They enjoy rules and structure and are less likely to introduce new ideas into their lives. With this being said, there is major debate and speculation amongst birth order in psychology and personality formation, as the constructs of the traditional family vary in contemporary culture. Additional theories suggest that individuals constantly adapt, conform and transform into the given society and culture they are immersed in.
The Big Five Personality Traits have been translated to fit the traditions, languages and cultures around the globe. Differences in individualism, power, masculinity and uncertainty avoidance causes a change in the big five traits. For example, a country that values individualism will effect its levels of extraversion, while as countries that accept inequalities in the hierarchical structures score higher on conscientiousness. Other factors of culture include, laws, political structures, values, ideological discourse and traditions, that influence the behaviours of individuals in a given system.
Identifying these personality traits and your percentage in each is valuable in relationships, the workplace and personal life. Knowing these traits will allow you to become more self-aware and better improve in the lacking areas of traits. Humans are extremely complex and embody a multitude of traits that make a person who they are. Here we can identify in what areas we thrive, and develop improvement strategies in order to overcome our weaknesses.
Obtaining self-knowledge allows an easy flow through the everyday challenges of life. People are often afraid of the clarity that comes with knowing themselves and how they operate in the world around them. It is bounded in truth and leaves everything on the table. For some, this is overwhelming, daunting and too real to comprehend. Understanding why we reacted in a certain way, why we are having internal feelings will allow us to adjust accordingly to a certain situation.
Being aware of how you feel gives you power. Identifying what makes you tick will allow you to be a better person overall. Knowing our flaws with allow us to strive for greatness, through the ability to constantly improve ourselves. We become insightful and aware human beings.